Volcano El Teide, one of the most important highlights of Tenerife
The Volcano El Teide is located in the Island of Tenerife, in the Canary Islands.
At 3,718 meters above sea level (and about 7,000 meters above the ocean shelf), it is the third largest volcano in the world (if we consider his height compared to the ocean floor). Moreover it is one of the highest active volcanoes in the African Continent. Teide is also the highest peak in Spain and the highest peak in the Atlantic Ocean.
This volcano erupts cyclically every 150,000 years approximately. It seems, from recent studies, that Teide in the future could cause violent eruptions, due at it’s very stable structure. Some studies also showed the strong similarity in structure between the Teide Vesuvius and Etna.
Despite the absence of eruptions since 1909, the volcano is still active. The high temperature of the rocks in the vicinity of Pico del Teide (to over 3400 m in height), give signals of the activity of the volcano. It causes the phenomenon of “fumarole” (emissions of sulfur vapors, which occurs when the water that infiltrates into the soil, evaporates on contact with the hot rocks).
The succession of the various eruptions in 120,000 years of it’s life, gave place to a volcanic cone. The estimated height of it was about 5000m above sea level. Then an explosive eruption destroyed the top of the volcano, creating the chain of Cañada and the caldera. The debris of this eruption, crashing into the sea, formed the north of the island, giving it its present form. Subsequent eruptions originated then current cone that we can see today occupying the north of the caldera. The particular height of Volcano El Teide, much higher than the other peaks of the island, gives to the Pico del Teide (the top of the volcano) a great fascination. In fact approaching the top, due of the altitude you can enjoy a spectacular 360 ° view.
The engineer Leonardo Torriani, in the sixteenth century in the manuscript “Description of the Canary Islands,” says that this volcano is known for its great height, making it visible to sailors at sea 440 miles away.